Breathing Technique For Asthma Attack

Asthma is a prevalent and persistent respiratory ailment that has a significant impact on a vast number of individuals across the globe. While it can be managed with medications like Asthalin Inhaler and proper care, asthma attacks can still occur, causing severe breathing difficulties. In this blog, we will explore various breathing techniques that can help individuals cope with asthma attacks and improve their overall quality of life. By gaining a better understanding of these techniques, you can empower yourself to breathe more easily during an asthma attack and potentially reduce the severity and duration of these episodes.

Understanding Asthma and Its Triggers

Before delving into breathing techniques, it’s essential to understand asthma and its triggers. It is characterized by inflammation of the airways, which leads to their narrowing and increased mucus production. This can result in difficulty breathing, wheezing, and coughing. Common triggers for asthma attacks include allergens, respiratory infections, cold air, exercise, and stress. By recognizing these triggers, individuals can better prepare for potential asthma attacks and implement the appropriate breathing techniques.

Diaphragmatic Breathing

Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as deep or abdominal breathing, is a fundamental technique for managing asthma attacks. This method involves breathing deeply from the diaphragm rather than shallow breathing from the chest. To practice diaphragmatic breathing, sit or lie down in a comfortable position and place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen. Inhale slowly through your nose, allowing your abdomen to rise as your diaphragm contracts. Exhale through pursed lips, ensuring that your abdomen falls as you release the breath. This technique helps to slow down your breathing rate, increase oxygen intake, and reduce the work of breathing, all of which can alleviate asthma symptoms during an attack.

Pursed Lip Breathing

Pursed lip breathing is another effective technique for managing asthma attacks. It involves exhaling through pursed lips, similar to blowing out a candle. This technique helps maintain open airways and reduces the risk of air trapping, which can occur in people with asthma. To practice pursed lip breathing, inhale slowly through your nose for two counts and then exhale through pursed lips for four counts. This extended exhalation helps prevent the collapse of small airways and can relieve shortness of breath during an asthma attack. It also promotes the removal of stale, carbon dioxide-rich air from the lungs, allowing for better oxygen exchange.

The Buteyko Breathing Method

The Buteyko Breathing Method is a holistic approach that focuses on reducing hyperventilation and promoting proper breathing patterns. This technique is based on the idea that many asthmatic symptoms are caused by overbreathing, which leads to low levels of carbon dioxide in the body. The Buteyko method encourages individuals to slow down their breathing, leading to better oxygenation of the tissues and reduced asthma symptoms.

To practice the Buteyko method during an asthma attack, start by sitting or lying down in a relaxed position. Close your mouth and take small, shallow breaths through your nose. Exhale gently, extending the exhalation as much as possible without strain. By doing this, you increase the carbon dioxide levels in your body, which can help relax the airways and alleviate symptoms. It’s important to note that the Buteyko method is most effective when used consistently as part of an asthma management routine.

Yoga and Breathing Exercises

Yoga and specific breathing exercises can be beneficial for individuals with this condition. These practices promote relaxation, reduce stress, and improve lung function. Yoga postures, such as the “child’s pose” and “cat-cow,” can help open up the chest and improve respiratory function. Incorporating pranayama (breathing exercises) like “anulom vilom” (alternate nostril breathing) can also be helpful. Such exercises enhance lung capacity, reduce anxiety, and enhance overall well-being. During an asthma attack, practicing yoga postures and breathing exercises can provide comfort and aid in regaining control over your breathing.

Biofeedback and Relaxation Techniques

Biofeedback and relaxation techniques offer valuable tools for managing asthma attacks. These approaches help individuals gain control over their body’s physiological responses, including their breathing. Biofeedback involves monitoring and adjusting physiological functions in real time. By using biofeedback equipment, individuals can learn to control their breathing patterns, reduce stress, and improve asthma management. Additionally, relaxation techniques, such as progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery, can help individuals remain calm during the attack. These methods decrease the body’s stress response, which can exacerbate asthma symptoms. By learning to stay relaxed and in control, individuals can better manage the physical and emotional aspects of asthma attacks.


In conclusion, asthma attacks can be frightening and overwhelming, but with the right breathing techniques, individuals can significantly improve their ability to cope with these episodes. Understanding its triggers and practicing techniques like diaphragmatic breathing, pursed lip breathing, the Buteyko method, yoga, and relaxation methods can help alleviate symptoms and enhance the overall quality of life for those living with this condition. Remember that it’s essential to work with a healthcare provider to create a personalized asthma management plan that includes these techniques to ensure effective, holistic care for asthma.

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